What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that attacks your gums. When it’s caught early, treatment for periodontal disease is possible without it leading to further infection. Dr. Fitz is a skilled dentist with three decades of experience treating periodontitis and will help you get your oral health back on track.
Also known as gum disease, periodontal disease causes the following symptoms, which will worsen if left untreated:
- Red, swollen gums
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Bleeding when brushing or flossing
- An improper bite
- Losing teeth
Risk Factors for Gum Disease
Anyone can develop gum disease, even those who stay on top of their oral hygiene care. However, there are certain risk factors to be aware of that can increase your odds of developing periodontal disease. Some of these include:
- Family history of gum disease
- Certain medications
- Certain health conditions
- Not seeing your dentist often enough
- Improper cleaning
Types of Periodontitis
In its earliest stage, periodontal disease is called gingivitis. At this stage, the condition can be easily treated. But if your gum disease progresses to the periodontitis stage, it can have a big impact on your oral health. Types of periodontitis include:
- Chronic Periodontitis — Inflammation within supporting tissues causes deep pockets and gum recession, making your teeth appear longer. This is the most common type of gum disease, with the gums progressively losing attachment.
- Aggressive Periodontitis — This version is essentially the same as chronic periodontitis, but it progresses more rapidly. You’re likely to require surgical intervention with this type of gum disease.
- Necrotizing Periodontitis — A rare version of the disease, this type is more likely to develop among people who suffer from HIV, immunosuppression, malnutrition, chronic stress, or those who smoke. With necrotizing periodontitis, tissue death occurs in the periodontal ligament, gingival tissues, and alveolar bone.
- Periodontitis Caused by Systemic Disease — Periodontitis can also be a symptom of another condition that’s affecting your body. In these cases, even if you make sure to clear all the plaque off your teeth, periodontal disease can still intensify.
Periodontal Disease Treatment
Our dental team is ready to treat your periodontitis at our Streamwood, IL office. This usually includes a special deep cleaning. This will remove the infection from your gums, giving your teeth and gums a chance to heal from the inflammation.
If your periodontal disease has advanced, a more comprehensive treatment plan may be needed. Dr. Fitz will discuss your options with you at your dental appointment. If you have red, swollen gums or suspect you might have periodontal disease, give our Streamwood office a call at (630) 837-0887 to schedule your appointment with Dr. Fitz.